Abrasions - Causes, Symptoms and Treatment
Abrasions typically refer to an injury that removes these layers of skin. Abrasion injuries occur when exposed skin comes into moving contact with a rough surface causing trauma to the upper layers of the epidermis. The pathological wearing away of tooth substance by mechanical means; grinding. These skin wounds, usually the result of scraping or rubbing, are shallow and do not go below the skin. But they can be painful, sometimes more so than cuts. Often, in addition to oozing of blood, many nerve endings are exposed, which is why the pain is severe. Take care to remove any splinters or foreign objects that may be embedded in the skin-and to guard against infection.
Abrasions are conditions in which the skin is worn away by scraping against a hard, rough surface. Abrasions can be very painful and may be complicated by infection. While a severe abrasion should be seen and abraded by a physician, there are some things you can do to help the healing process on your own. For removing, objects, clean tweezers (dipped in alcohol for five minutes) are useful. Thoroughly wash the wound with warm water and soap; this is most important. A bath or shower may be the best way to cleanse the wound.
Abrasion is a general term given to an injury such as a graze, scratch or cut. These are a common occurrence in childhood, and if not severe can usually be treated at home. The skin is composed of an outer layer, the epidermis, which provides protection, and a deep inner layer, the dermis, which provides the firmness and flexibility of the skin. Abrasions typically refer to an injury that removes these layers of skin. This is a scrape that happens when the skin is rubbed away. An abrasion means that the surface layers of the skin (epidermis) have been broken. Thin-skinned bony areas - knees, ankles and elbows - are more prone to abrasions than thicker, more padded areas. If infection develops, it wi11 not necessarily be obvious for 24 hours or so. Keep an eye out for any fever, pus, marked swelling, or redness. Swollen, tender glands (lymph nodes) in the armpit or groin also indicate infection. Redness about the edges of the abrasion is no cause for alarm but is part of the normal healing process.
Causes of Abrasion
There are many causes which may lead to an injury, in our day to day life we got injured, cut or scratch by many ways. Abrasion, caused by a high-speed touchdown on the back of the forearm, has a gouge in the center that exposes fat. Sometimes, a cut, scratch, or abrasion starts out as no big deal, but then gets infected. While there is often little or no blood loss from an abrasion, there can be a great deal of pain, because of the many nerve endings that are exposed. An abrasion should hold its shape when the skin is moved or stretched. If any part of the wound gapes or changes shape, this is a more serious injury.
Common factors that may effect abrasion are :
Treatment of Abrasions
Some Important treamet of Abrasion are:-
If infection does develop, see a physician. Also see a physioian if you are unable to get a11 the debris out from under the skin since, if left, it may lead to permanent discoloration. If the abrasion is extensive, and especially if there is debris under the skin, a tetanus injection may be wise.
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